Cedar Wealth Management


Cedar Wealth Management


Fixed income are a type of debt instrument that provides returns in the form of regular, or fixed, interest payments and repayments of the principal when the security reaches maturity. The instruments are issued by governments, corporations, and other entities to finance their operations. They differ from equity, as they do not entail an ownership interest in a company, but they confer a seniority of claim, as compared to equity interests, in cases of bankruptcy or default.

These are broadly investment securities that pay fixed interest consistently over time. Investors are then paid their principal amount on an agreed date. Fixed income are different from the conventional common stocks; they are like preferred stocks. When the company offering these bonds are under bankruptcy, the investors in fixed income are paid first even before the common stock holders.

Fixed Income Technique is best for investors that are seeking to have a diversified portfolio that is meant to guide their funds from volatile assets like those from common stocks. Government bonds have the backing of the government while bonds from companies are backed by the financial viability of the company. It is great for investors that are conservative and the percentage allocated is investor-dependent; the investment is always with income generated from low-risk securities and popular in the port-folio of people approaching or in retirement because they can help people plan their expenses. Although Cedar Wealth Management can give beneficial advice for asset allocation by understanding the financial goals, age, risk appetite, etc., of the investors, majority of investors take the easy route and invest 50% in stocks and 50% in fixed income (bonds), however this can be maximized for better profit making.


The Laddering Strategy is known to be the best and most popular strategy. This strategy is very important because it avoids the interest rate risk. For example, bonds that will last for years will not afford the investor the ability to capitalize on rising interest rates. The best way to curb this to set the duration of say a 3-year bond to about a year each; this will mean that you will have 3 bonds for each year, and when the capital is retrieved for the first year, it can be invested in the fourth year. This beats the risk of missing interest rate. 

Types of Fixed-Income Investments

Bonds provide income with less volatility in a portfolio.

Preferred stock

Preferred stocks, which are impacted by interest rates, are a hybrid investment that contain characteristics of common stocks and bonds. Investors receive a coupon that indicates the yield, says Rohan Reddy, a research analyst at Global X ETFs. When interest rates fall, preferred equities will increase in value and still provide consistent dividend payments. Preferred equities are often issued by insurance companies and banks. Investors who are planning to retire often turn to preferred stock because the yield can be higher than many bonds, Reddy says. The favorable tax treatment is a bonus since a “decent portion” of the dividends of preferred stock are classified as qualified dividends and are taxed at the long-term capital gains rate.

High-yield bonds

High-yield bonds are riskier. In return, they provide a higher yield. In this current market environment with interest rates on higher-quality assets at historic lows, some investors “may be drawn to high yield in search of income they can’t find elsewhere,” says Jodie Gunzberg, managing director, chief investment strategist at Morgan Stanley, Wealth Management Institutional


They can offer higher interest than corporate bonds; meaning that there are riskier. They represent participation in loans to private corporations underwritten by commercial banks, etc.


These funds are liable to consistent fluctuation because they are invested in the currencies of foreign countries. Hence it will be an advantage is the currencies of the foreign country is growing stronger than your home country; if the reverse is the case, it will be a disadvantage. Investors will have to convert the funds into that of the currency of the foreign country to buy the bond.  

Municipal bonds

Depending on where you live, municipal bonds are tax-free, and allocating them in a brokerage account can make more sense for tax consequences. Investing in a municipal bond mutual fund or ETF will lower the risk of investing in a specific city or state. “The municipal bond market is highly inefficient because it’s dominated by smaller investors,” says Michael Underhill, chief investment officer of Capital Innovations. “Investing in an ETF means a lower entry price for investors.”

Corporate bonds

Corporate bonds provide investors with yield and a return of the principal amount. Investors should stick with bonds that have an investment-grade rating, such as AAA, but no lower than BBB. Investing in corporate bonds allows an investor to receive additional income for taking on credit risk, Gunzberg says. “With corporate balance sheets largely in good shape despite increasing leverage over the past few years, risks of large-scale credit issues are low,” she says. “Given the low coupons that many investment-grade bonds have been issued at, durations or interest rate risk for these bonds is significantly higher than in the past.

Government bonds

Treasurys and municipal bonds make up government bonds, but they are impacted more by potential interest rate drops. Investors who own bonds that mature in 15 or 30 years face the most risk. Investors must consider the potential for default before adding city or state bonds to a portfolio. 


Fixed income investment products are an important part of many portfolios. Their opportunities for use are diverse and can help investors by:

  • They provide a steady and stable income stream
  • More stable returns than common stocks
  • Higher claim to the assets in bankruptcies
  • Government and FDIC backing on some
  • A better hedge for the volatility of the market. Helping to reduce downside risk.
  • Guaranteed returns of short-term savings
  • A key tool for portfolio diversification, especially for retirement accounts
  • Lower returns than other investment types
  • Can be liable to interest rate risk
  • Can be affected by inflation